Japan (Japanese: 日本Nippon or Nihon,[nb 1] and formally 日本国)[nb 2] is an island country in East Asia, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan spans an archipelago of 6852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is Japan's capitaland largest city; other major cities include Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

日本国 (Japanese)
(Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku)
Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle
Golden circle subdivided by golden wedges with rounded outer edges and thin black outlines
Imperial Seal
Anthem: Kimigayo (君が代, "His Imperial Majesty's Reign")
Government Seal
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
Projection of Asia with Japan's Area colored green
Japanese territory in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory in light green
and largest city
35°41′N 139°46′E
National language Japanese
Demonym(s) Japanese
Government Unitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Emperor
• Prime Minister
Fumio Kishida
Legislature National Diet
• Upper house
House of Councillors
• Lower house
House of Representatives
• Imperial Dynasty established
February 11, 660 BC
• Meiji constitution
November 29, 1890
• Current constitution
May 3, 1947
• Total
377,975 km2(145,937 sq mi)[1](62nd)
• Water (%)
1.4 (as of 2015)[2]
• 2021 estimate
Neutral decrease 125,360,000[3](11th)
• 2020 census
• Density
334/km2(865.1/sq mi) (24th)
GDP (PPP) 2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $5.586 trillion[5](4th)
• Per capita
Increase $44,585 (27th)
GDP (nominal) 2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $5.378 trillion[5](3rd)
• Per capita
Increase $42,928 (23rd)
Gini (2018) Positive decrease 33.4[6]
medium · 78th
HDI (2019) Increase 0.919[7]
very high · 19th
Currency Japanese yen (¥)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
Driving side left
Calling code +81
ISO 3166 code JP
Internet TLD .jp

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