Diabetes Symptoms and how Control it

Symptoms of Diabetes and How to control Diabetes


Diabetes are mainly three types: type 1 diabetes, the pancreas fails to produce the insulin it needs because beta cells are lost.  This form was formerly referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes" or "juvenile diabetes".  Beta cell loss is caused by an autoimmune reaction.  The cause of this autoimmune reaction is unknown.


  Type 2 diabetes ; begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond properly to insulin.  As the disease progresses, insulin deficiency may also develop.  This form was formerly known as "insulin-dependent diabetes" or "adult diabetes".  -Onset Diabetes ". The most common cause is a combination of overweight and inadequate exercise.

Gestational diabetes : is the third most common form of diabetes and occurs when pregnant women with no previous history of diabetes have high blood sugar levels.



Symptoms of Diabetes


The symptoms of untreated diabetes are unplanned weight loss, polyuria (increased urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), and polyphagia (increased appetite).  In type 1 diabetes, the symptoms may develop rapidly (weeks or months).  Gradually, it may or may not be sensitive to type 2 diabetes.

  Many other signs and symptoms can mark the onset of diabetes, however they are not specific to the disease.  In addition to the known symptoms listed above, they include blurred vision, headache, fatigue, slow healing of wounds, and itchy skin.  Prolonged high blood glucose can cause glucose to be absorbed into the lens of the eye, leading to changes in its shape, resulting in visual impairment.  Chronic vision loss can also be caused by diabetic retinopathy.  Many skin rashes that can occur in diabetes are collectively known as diabetic dermatomas.


Controlling diabetes focuses on normalizing blood sugar levels.  This is usually made possible by dietary changes, exercise, weight loss, and the use of appropriate medications (insulin and oral medications).

Type 1 diabetes should be managed with insulin injections.  Prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes include a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, normal body weight and avoidance of tobacco use. Type 2 diabetes can be treated with oral anti-diabetic drugs, with or without insulin.  Blood pressure control and proper foot and eye care are important for patients.  Insulin and some oral medications can cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).  Surgery to lose weight in obese people is sometimes an effective procedure in people with type 2 diabetes.  Gestational diabetes usually resolves after the baby is born. The use of aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease in diabetes is controversial. Some people who are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease recommend aspirin, but regular use of aspirin has not been found to improve the outcome of non-complicated diabetes.  The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) National Guidelines for England and Wales recommends the use of aspirin in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes whose heart disease has not been confirmed.  .



Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a group of high-grade metabolic disorders characterized by persistent high blood sugar levels.  Symptoms often include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased appetite.  If left untreated, diabetes can lead to many health problems. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic condition, or death.  Serious long-term complications include heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, leg ulcers, nerve damage, eye damage, and cognitive impairment

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