TYPES OF HONEY
How honey is made
Honey is made by bees in their hives. The process starts with the collection of
nectars from flowers by the worker bees. The collected nectars are placed in
honeycombs. The bees fan it with their wings in order to evaporate most of the
water in the nectar. They also add enzymes to aid in honey production. In the
process, the natural sugars in the nectar are also broken down into simple forms.
As the water evaporates, the remaining liquid turns thicker and the sugar
becomes concentrated, turning it into a thick and sweet liquid. When about 17%
of the water content is removed, the bees seal the cells of the honeycomb with
beeswax. Over time, chemical reactions and more evaporation take place,
turning the liquid into honey.
The color and flavor of the honey largely depends on the type of flower where
the nectar came from. Honey blends occur naturally, as the bees collect honey
from all kinds of flowers. This happens often when the beehive is close to an
area with different types of flowers growing nearby. Specific flavors are
obtained when the bees are limited to collecting nectar from particular flowers.
For example, the beehive is located in the middle of a field of sunflowers,
without any other kind of flower nearby. The bees would be producing
sunflower honey, pure and unblended.
Honey flavors and colors vary, depending on the flower. For example, honey
made from the nectar of Orange Blossom has a light amber color. Honey made
from the nectar of wildflowers or avocado flower has a deeper, darker amber
color. In the United States alone, there are over 300 different and distinct honey
flavors, made from the nectar of different flowers.
Amber is the most popular color of honey. However, the color actually ranges
from colorless to dark brown. The flavors also vary from mild to bold.
Generally, lighter honey colors have milder tastes and darker-colored ones have
a much bolder flavor.
Some of the more common and popular honey varieties available include the
This comes from the nectar of the acacia tree’s flowers. This honey has a very
pale color. Pure acacia honey resembles the appearance of liquid glass. The
flavor is floral, mild and sweet. This is one of the popular honey flavors. This is
because it does not give an overpowering flavor and sweetness when mixed with
beverages or when used in cooking.
The United States and Canada extensively produce alfalfa honey. It comes from
the nectar of the purple blooms of the alfalfa plant. Alfalfa honey has a light
amber color. The aroma and flavor are pleasantly mild.
This honey is produced from the blooms of California avocado. It has a dark
amber color. The taste is rich and buttery.
This is derived from the blueberry bush. It has the typical light amber color. The
flavor is full and well rounded. This is commonly produced in Michigan and
This is one of the most abundant honey varieties produced in the United States.
The nectar comes from the blossoms of the clover plant family such as Alsike
clover, red clover, and sweet clovers (both white and yellow varieties). Clover
honey has a pleasant and mild taste. The color varies, depending on where and
what type of clover the nectar came from. It is available in colors ranging from
water white, light amber to amber.
Eucalyptus honey comes from the large Eucalyptus genera, which is composed
of more than 500 unique species. Because of the vastness in diversity among the
Eucalyptus family, the honey made from it is also wide ranging. The colors and
flavor widely differ. One thing common is that eucalyptus honey has a strong
flavor, with a hint of a medicinal smell. Eucalyptus honey is largely produced in
The honey is made from the nectar of the fireweed plant. This plant is a
perennial herb that grows in the open woods of Canada, and in the Pacific and
Northern states. The plant grows up to 3-5 feet high and bears pink flowers.
Fireweed honey has a light colour.
Manuka honey is one of the most preferred variation as natural remedy. This is
used internally and topically for various ailments. It is mainly produced in New
Zealand, where the manuka plant is indigenous. Manuka honey is considered as
one of the most organic honey in the world because the plant grows in
uncultivated areas in New Zealand, far away from pollution and chemical
Orange Blossom honey
This honey is made from the combined nectars of the flowers of different citrus
plants. It is mainly produced in some parts of Texas, in Southern California and
in Florida. Orange blossom honey has a light color and mild flavor. It has a fresh
scent with a light and citrusy taste.
Sage honey is mainly produced in California. It has a light color and is heavybodied. The flavor is delightful and mild. Honey packers often blend sage honey
with other honeys because it slows down granulation.
This is a premium type of honey. Northwest Florida is the main production site
for this type of honey. The fructose content is high, making granulation slow.
Tupelo honey is heavy-bodied. The color is light golden amber and has a
greenish cast. The taste is mild and distinctive.
This name is used collectively for honey made from undefined flowers.
These are combinations of different honey varieties, often creating consistent
and unique colors and flavors.
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